Reference guide

This is a guide in how to present references in you assignment and dissertation papers.

Within you final dissertation it is normally expected that you refer to 40 – 50 relevant and credible references. However, the quantity may vary depending upon the nature of your topic.

References should be used both to support you theoretical position on your topic, as well as to support your choice and use of research methodology.

Referencing list by name and date:

Honey, A. N. K (1963) A critique of statistics. The Hournal of Applied Positivists, 2 (1), 89-109

Smith, S. & Honey, A. P. K. (1996) Winnie the Pooh unbuttoned. In. P Rigg & T Jones (eds). Multi-variate roles of stereotypical prototypes. New York: Penguin

Squiff, S. (1995) Computers Marketing. London: Sage

Note the conventions above:

In the first entry the name of the journal is italicised and in the second and third it is the name of the book.

Citing references within the text:

There are two conventions that you may follow in terms of writing your text when citing authors. Below are examples:

“The resource based view of strategy has been developed into a knowledge-based view of the firm (Grant, 1996)”


“Grant (1996) led the way in extending the resource based view of the form into a knowledge-based view of the firm”

Note the conventions above:

Some references are cited in related literature, where theories or models are further discussed or developed.

Where this applies you are to mention both the sited reference and the literature you have read….. (Drucker 1970, cited by Torrington and Hall, 1998:116)